United Kingdom. Some of these cookies are essential, while others help us to improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used. The British Overseas Territories have more biodiversity than the entire UK mainland. Falkland Islands 8. It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. Currently[when?] The British originally took control of Gibraltar to control shipping and out of the Mediterranean Sea. In territories without a permanent population, a Commissioner is usually appointed to represent the Queen. Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed] British Virgin Islands 6. Commonwealth countries. The British Antarctic Territory is a section of the Antarctic under the jurisdiction of the UK. However, territorial claims on the continent may not currently be advanced, under the holding measures of the Antarctic Treaty System. Only the latter grants the right of abode in a specific country or territory, namely, the United Kingdom proper which includes its three Crown Dependencies. They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. Page 23", "TCI Regiment gets its first commanding officer", "South Asia :: British Indian Ocean Territory — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "British Indian Ocean Territory Currency", "Representing Britain...and Bermuda | Bermuda Olympics 2012", "Williams' Olympic hopes on hold for 4 more years", "At last! They include: The 14 British overseas territories use a varied assortment of currencies, including the Euro, British pound, United States dollar, New Zealand dollar, or their own currencies, which may be pegged to one of these. Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed], Saint Helenian pound (parity with pound sterling) The governors of the territories may also allow naturalization of non-BOTCs as BOTCs. [67] This restored the right of abode in the UK to residents of overseas territories after a 34-year hiatus from 1968 to 2002. Commemorative UK Pounds and Stamps issued in GBP have been issued. The British Overseas Territories located in the Caribbean, once widely known as British West Indies, represented back in the heyday of the Empire just small additions of red marks in the imperial map. Currently (2019) all but two Governors are either career diplomats or have worked in other Civil Service departments. [82] There are at least 180 endemic plant species in the overseas territories as opposed to only 12 on the UK mainland. [45], All the overseas territories have their own system of government, and localised laws. Early colonies, in the sense of English subjects residing in lands hitherto outside the control of the English government, were generally known as "Plantations". BAT was formed on March 3, 1962, although the UK claimed it both in 1908 and 1917. The territorial evolution of the British Empire is considered to have begun with the foundation of the English colonial empire in the late 16th century. In territories with a permanent population, a Governor is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the British Government. [90], A Stoplight Parrotfish in Princess Alexandra Land and Sea National Park, Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands, Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, "BOTs" redirects here. Pound sterling (de jure)[76][77]. [45] The Queen appoints a representative in each territory to exercise her executive power. Gibraltar 9. For the smaller territories, the UK may appoint a UK-based lawyer or judge to work on legal cases. "BOTs" redirects here. Prior to 1 January 1983, the territories were officially referred to as British Crown Colonies. Flag of the United Kingdom The Cayman Islands are a British overseas territory, listed by the UN Special Committee of 24 as one of the last non-self-governing territories. The Legendary Pitcairn Islands", "St Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha profiles", "South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands", "Population of Grytviken, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands", "Turks and Caicos Islands Population 2019", "Global Britain and the British Overseas Territories: Resetting the relationship", "Government – Isle of Man Public Services", "Newfoundland History – Early Colonization and Settlement of Newfoundland", "In the Eye of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, and the Maritime Atlantic World, 1680-1783", "House of Commons - Foreign Affairs - Seventh Report", "Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009 (at OPSI)", "LibGuides: United Kingdom Legal Research: British External Territories", "Overseas Territories Joint Ministerial Council 2015 Communique and Progress Report - Publications - GOV.UK", "Britain and the British Antarctic Territory in the wider geopolitics of the Antarctic and the Southern Ocean", "The Overseas Territories: security, success and sustainability", British financial officials in the region for talks with dependent territories, "MP proposes British Overseas Territories be represented in Westminster – MercoPress", "Lib Dems would create an MP for Gibraltar", "UKIP leader defends call for Gibraltar to become part of Britain - Xinhua - English.news.cn", "UK Government White Paper on Overseas Territories, June, 2012. 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