All About Second Empire. The term Second Empire refers to the empire that Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) established in France during the mid-1800s. Trendy and practical mansard roofs were placed atop otherwise modest structures. The Louvre was enlarged, sparking a new interest in the tall, majestic mansard roof. Omissions? In Second Empire buildings, the most obvious distinguishing characteristic is the mansard roof, called a "french roof" by American builders. Similar to the Italianate style that came before it, the Second House was tall (with two or more stories), dormer windows and a square shape. Corrections? Take a visual tour: Second Empire is an architectural style, most popular between 1865 and 1880, and so named for the "French" elements in vogue during the era of the Second French Empire. Today, the relatively rare Second Empire style survivors get more respect. Mansard Roof at the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. Prominent dormer windows, a wide entablature with brackets and various elaborate window treatments were typical of this mode. In the United States, representative buildings include the Old City Hall, Boston (G.F.J. As its name implies, the Second Empire architectural style, also called the French Second Empire style or mansard style, can be traced to France, specifically to the reign of Napoleon III, 1852-1870. Major examples of the style include the Opéra Ga… Second Empire Mansard Style W. Evert House in Highland Park, Illinois (1872). But, despite its regal name, a Second Empire isn't always elaborate or lofty. Urban renewal was also part of a more ambitious political movement intended to modernize the social structures in countries such…. The influence of Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann’s urban design in Paris dominated the growth of Latin American capitals in the 19th century. Second Empire Style . Under the emperor’s direction, much of Paris was rebuilt with wide avenues and striking monumental buildings, replacing medieval alleys and structures. The Victorian Second Empire style home, well-known on opulent public buildings, was the lure. In France, a significant variation is sometimes called the Napoleon III style. During the presidency of Ulysses Grant (1869-1877), Second Empire was a preferred style for public buildings in the United States. The Second Empire style of architecture began in France during the reign of Napoleon III (1852-1870). Second Empire style houses for sale. Second Empire Architecture + Join Group This group is all about the Second Empire Architectural Style. In England the style appeared in hotels, railway stations, and warehouses, and it lingered on to underlie R. Norman Shaw’s design for the Piccadilly Hotel, London (1905–08). This feature came to define a style which raged through Europe and parts of the United States into the 1870's. The exterior architecture of the Dodd-Hinsdale house is Second Empire Victorian, a style originating in France under Napoleon III. … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Dr. Jackie Craven has over 20 years of experience writing about architecture and the arts. The Old Executive Office Building, now called the Dwight D. Eisenhower Building, in Washington DC. In fact, the style became so closely associated with the prosperous Grant administration that it is sometimes called the General Grant Style. Second Empire Architecture. COPYRIGHT:The articles you see on the pages of ThoughtCo.com are copyrighted. So, how do you recognize the style? The facades of the public buildings have in common a high elevation with mansard roofs; only the most important buildings have pavilions. The Second Empire architectural style was the definitive style of the Second Empire of which nation? 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