Only around 25 remain. [2], Hainangibbons zijn uitgesproken bosdieren die overdag actief zijn. (Zhang, et al., 2010; Zhou, et al., 2005) Seacology, a non-profit organization in Berkeley, California, United States, initiated a project to protect the highly endangered Hainan gibbon in exchange for scholarships for the children of four villages near Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. 10 (15176). 95% of their original habitat of lowland, tropical primary forest has been destroyed. BBC 1 juni 2020 door Helen Briggs, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hainangibbon&oldid=56696520, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding gelijk aan Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. They are slender primates, possess with long arms and legs. Facts: The entire Hainan gibbon population of only 23-25 individuals is restricted to about 15km2 of highly fragmented habitat. They all lack a tail and are considered the closest relatives to human. In 2003, the Kadoorie Conservation China Department (KCC) was invited by the local authority to take an active role in saving the Hainan Gibbon. 2000; Mootnick 2006) and territorial calls (La Q. Trung and Trinh D. Hoang 2004). Oct 15, 2012 - Learn more about the Hainan gibbon - with amazing Hainan gibbon photos and facts on Arkive Since 1989, the Hainan black-crested gibbon has been under first-class state protection in China. But perhaps the most noteworthy fact about this primate, however, remains its truly unfortunate status. Hainan Gibbon Facts The Hainan gibbon is the rarest ape in the world. This occurs due to the fact that the two genders develop completely different color patterns. It holds this opinion-based distinction for several reasons. Hainan gibbon ‘clinging on’ with 25 left in China. The species have very different looking adult males and females: Adult males are jet black with a hairy crest, while adult females are golden yellow with a black crown. [1], In 2011 werden door onderzoekers nog maar 22 dieren aangetroffen, verdeeld over twee groepen en daarnaast nog vier solitair rondtrekkende dieren. These characteristics, in association with the newly discovered genetic differences, suggest that the Hainan gibbon and eastern black gibbon be considered distinct species (Roos and Nadler 2005; Roos et al. De Hainangibbon wordt in zijn voortbestaan ernstig bedreigd door aantasting van het leefgebied en doordat er nog zo weinig van over zijn. The Hainan gibbon, Nomascus hainanus (Thomas), is the world's rarest ape and one of world's most endangered mammal species (Bryant et al. An estimated 2,000 Hainan gibbons remained in the wild during the 1950s, but by the 1970s, habitat loss and hunting had slashed their number to 10 individuals. The Hainan Black Crested Gibbon is a species which is coloured differently for each sex. De Hainan-gibbons klampen zich letterlijk en figuurlijk vast aan de takken van het regenwoud in de bergen waar mensen nog niet zijn begonnen met houtkap.” Hij zegt ook dat zowel de soort als het leefgebied door de Chinese wet werden en worden beschermd, maar dat is onvoldoende: CBSG facilitated and provided modeling support at an international workshop for Hainan gibbons, which are some of the most endangered primates in the world. First use of artificial canopy bridge by the world's most critically endangered primate the Hainan gibbon Nomascus hainanus. 2007). the world’s rarest ape, rarest primate, and probably rarest mammal species. [4], Hainangibbon op de IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Glimmer of hope for world's rarest primate. Geographic Range. (Zhang, et al., 2010; Zhou, et al., 2005) Males are generally completely black and have white or buff cheeks, while the females are a golden or buff colour all over with black patches including a streak of black on the head. Bringing the Hainan Gibbon Back from the Brink. Molecular data, together with morphology and call differences, suggest it is a separate species. As a new day dawns the adult males, their fur a deep, rich black, climb to the top of the canopy to greet the rising sun with their warbling cry. Gibbons, together with the Orang-utans of Asia and Chimpanzee and Gorillas of Africa, are the four living non-human apes. To pull the species back from the brink of extinction, KCC worked with Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve to establish two gibbon monitoring teams, sponsor researchers to study the species, conduct annual population census, plant the species’ favourite native food trees produced by a local nursery, promote sustainable agriculture (rubber agroforestry and eco beekeeping) and conduct awareness raising activities amongst the local community. Hainan gibbons weigh between 12.78 and 22.03 lb (5.8-10 kg). Habitat loss and fragmentation are the primary drivers of Hainan gibbon population decline. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. It holds this opinion-based distinction for several reasons. The discovery of a new breeding pair raises hope for the survival of the world's rarest primate, the Hainan Gibbon. The population of the Hainan black-crested gibbon has largely decreased in the 1970s due to habitat loss. The species is well-known for being great singers since they sing duets at dawn to mark their territories and enhance bonding, bachelors also sing solos to attract females. Weight: 9 to 29 pounds. Still, as recently as 1950, the gibbon population topped 2,000, and it could be found in 12 of Hainan’s 19 counties. Average Life Span In The Wild: Up to 25 years. Ravaged by deforestation and poaching, the ape now lives only in … The Hainan Gibbon Look at this baby Hainan Gibbon! Gibbon, (family Hylobatidae), any of approximately 20 species of small apes found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia.Gibbons, like the great apes (gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees, and bonobos), have a humanlike build and no tail, but gibbons seem to lack higher cognitive abilities and self-awareness. It was formerly considered a subspecies of the eastern black crested gibbon (Nomascus nasutus) from Hòa Bình and Cao Bằng provinces of Vietnamand Jingxi County in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. It is endemic to Hainan Island and is now restricted to Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. As of 2020, it is the only gibbon species assessed by the IUCN Red List to have a stable population – all 19 other species are decreasing in numbers. This article is more than 5 years old. The entire population of the Hainan black-crested gibbon, Nomascus hainanus, is found in the 300 km^2 Bawangling National Nature Reserve (BNNR) on Hainan Island off of the coast of China.Historically, N. hainanus was widespread on Hainan Island but a recent estimate put its entire geographic range as low as 14 to 16 km^2 of BNNR. Conservation efforts had paid off, as the Hainan gibbon was the only one of 19 recognised species of gibbons showing a stable increase in numbers, Lo said. The Hainan gibbon or Hainan black-crested gibbon of China (Nomascus hainanus) is critically endangered and is the rarest primate in the world. Only around 25 remain. This species is so rare that they are only found on Hainan Island in China. Deze gibbonsoort werd tot 2007 beschouwd als ondersoort van Nomascus nasutus, een gibbonsoort die voorkomt in Vietnam en aangrenzende provincies in China. Scientific name: Nomascus hainanusOrder: PrimatesFamily: HylobatidaeIUCN Red List: Critically EndangeredCITES: Appendix IState Key Protected Animal List of China: Class I. Its habitat consists of broad-leaved forests and semi-deciduous mons… Most gibbon species are monogamous, but the Hainan Gibbon lives in families consisting of one husband, two wives and their immature offspring. They can reach 17 to 25 inches in length and weigh between 9 and 29 pounds. In 2020, it was announced that the population has increased to 30 animals. De Hainangibbon is een endemische soort die alleen voorkomt op het eiland Hainan (China). De Hainangibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is een soort van de familie gibbons (Hylobatidae) en de superfamilie van de mensapen. The Hainan Gibbon Look at this baby Hainan Gibbon! The Hainan gibbon or Hainan black-crested gibbon of China (Nomascus hainanus) is critically endangered and is the rarest primate in the world. Hainan gibbon ‘clinging on’ with 25 left in China. We launched the first population census and only confirmed the presence of 13 individuals in two groups. The average weight for males is about 14.57 lb (6.61 kg); average weight for females is about 14.47 lb (6.563 kg). Hainan black crested gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is one of the world's most endangered primates. The Hainan gibbon species is restricted to just 0.8 sq mi (2 sq km) within the Bawangling National Nature Reserve on the western side of Hainan Island in the South China Sea. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. [1], Volgens een persbericht van de Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project in mei 2020 werden eind 2019 op Hainan vijf paren geteld met jongen (samen 30 individuen met een nieuw paar dat gezien en gehoord werd). Waarschijnlijk was de voorkeurshabitat tropisch laaglandbos, maar dat is sinds de jaren 1960 omgezet in rubberplantages. 2015;Geissmann and Bleisch 2008;Stone 2011;Zhou et … The rest are in decline. The government then established the Bawangling National Nature Reserve to connect the fragmented habitats of the species. Tweet Conservation and Research - Fauna Conservation, Monitoring the Shark Fin Trade in Hong Kong, Screening of Wildlife Products Sold in Hong Kong Markets, Collaborative Research in KFBG’s Nature Reserve, Self-guide Activities and Suggested Itineraries, Educational Exhibits: Some Rescued Animals Perform an Educational Role, Become a KFBG Member - I’m a Friend of Nature. They also differ in having longer … Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus), once widespread across Hainan, China, is now found only in the Bawangling National Nature Reserve. With a remaining population size of 33 individuals, it is the world’s rarest primate. This species is so rare that they are only found on Hainan Island in China. Ze trekken rond in groepjes van 4 tot 8 individuen. Size: 17 to 25 inches. Males are larger than females. Hainan Black Crested Gibbon Facts Most notably, the Hainan Black Crested Gibbon ranks as one of the most fascinating of all primate species. Still, as recently as 1950, the gibbon population topped 2,000, and it could be found in 12 of Hainan’s 19 counties. In a drastic effort to save the species, the Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project monitored and researched those last holdouts, patrolled their territories for hunters, and planted trees. In 2015, only 10 animals existed, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, or the IUCN. In 2015, only 10 animals existed, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, or the IUCN. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 9 jul 2020 om 16:05. 2) Concolor or black crested gibbon (Nomascus concolor) 3) Eastern black crested gibbon or Cao Vit (Nomascus nasutus) 4) Hainan black crested gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) 5) Northern white-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus leucogenys) 6) Southern white-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus siki) 7) Yellow –cheeked gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae) 4. Rond 2008 kwamen er nog maar een paar groepen voor in het natuurreservaat Bawangling, waar ze leefden in hellingbossen tussen de 650 en 1200 m boven de zeespiegel. De Hainangibbon ( Nomascus hainanus) is een soort van de familie gibbons (Hylobatidae) en de superfamilie van de mensapen. This specie is arboreal and the females give birth to only one offspring every two years! There are only around 30 of them living in the wild. Ze eten voornamelijk fruit en bladeren. In 2005, the first Conservation Action Plan to protect the Hainan gibbon was created. The Hainan Gibbon is the rarest primate on Earth. De Hainangibbon lijkt sterk op de verwante Nomascus nasutus. With our determined effort, the Hainan Gibbon population has increased to more than 30 individuals in five groups in 2020. In the past 45 years, almost 80% of the population has disappeared , due to hunting, habitat lost and also due to the fact that they only live on one island in particular. There are only around 30 Hainan gibbon individuals left in the world, but conservationists see a potential future for this animal. The Hainan gibbon is active during the day, eats almost only fruits, like figues for example. Gibbons are small apes found throughout Southeast Asia. Interesting Gibbon Facts: Gibbons are small and lightweight apes. The Hainan gibbon species is restricted to just 0.8 sq mi (2 sq km) within the Bawangling National Nature Reserve on the western side of Hainan Island in the South China Sea. Over 2,000 individuals were estimated to live throughout the island in the 1950s, but due to rampant poaching and forest loss, the population declined sharply to less than 10 individuals in the 1970s. The average weight of males is about 14.57 lb (6.61 kg); average weight of females is about 14.47 lb (6.563 kg). Op grond van DNA-onderzoek en nauwkeurige analyse van het geluid is geconcludeerd dat het hier om een soort gaat en niet om een ondersoort Nomascus nasutus hainanus. Like the great apes, they have a humanlike build and no tail, but they seem to lack higher cognitive abilities and self-awareness. Geographic Range. 6 How fast is a Hainan gibbon? Daarom staat de Hainangibbon als ernstig bedreigd (kritiek) op de rode lijst en behoort deze aap tot de meest bedreigde diersoorten onder de mensapen. [3] De IUCN schat de achteruitgang in aantal op met dan 80% in 45 jaar (>3,5% per jaar). Numerous projects to study the gibbons’ ecology, habitat and population dynamics have also been funded. Most notably, the Hainan Black Crested Gibbon ranks as one of the most fascinating of all primate species. Gibbons are the true king of the swingers and highly adapted to life in the trees. Hainan Gibbon Fun Facts (I) 2 August 2018 | China Eco Tales. There were around 2000 of them living in the wild around 70 years ago. The Hainan black-crested gibbon or Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus), is a species of gibbon found only on Hainan Island, China. The Hainan Gibbon is the rarest primate on Earth. The majestic and enigmatic Hainan gibbon is confined to a single small patch of forest. Hainan gibbons are largely frugivorous (eat fruit) and folivorous (eat leaves), but gibbons are also known to like snacking on insects, flowers and bird eggs. It is endemic to Hainan Island and is now restricted to Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. Over 2,000 individuals were estimated to live throughout the island in the 1950s, but due to rampant poaching and forest loss, the population declined sharply to less than 10 individuals in the 1970s. Hainan gibbons, or Nomascus hainanus, love to sing. De Hainangibbon is een endemische soort die alleen voorkomt op het eiland Hainan ( China ). Ondersoort van Nomascus nasutus, een gibbonsoort die voorkomt in Vietnam en aangrenzende provincies in China any... And probably rarest mammal species van over zijn La Q. Trung and Trinh D. Hoang )! And call differences, suggest it is a species which is coloured differently for each...., reforestation and increased patrols to prevent poaching and logging, China or the IUCN de jaren omgezet... 4 ], Hainangibbon op de verwante Nomascus nasutus, een gibbonsoort die in. The gibbons ’ ecology, habitat and population dynamics have also been.. Fragmented habitats of the gibbon population of the species consisting of one husband two. En doordat er nog zo weinig van over zijn conservationists see a potential future for animal. Nomascus hainanus ) is een endemische soort die alleen voorkomt op het eiland Hainan China... More than 30 individuals in five groups in 2020 great apes, they have a humanlike build and no,. 25 years ecology, habitat and population dynamics have also been funded majestic and enigmatic Hainan gibbon is the.. Then established the Bawangling National Nature Reserve to connect the fragmented habitats of the species Hainan gibbon! This primate, however, remains its truly unfortunate status Union for Conservation of Nature, or IUCN! Individuals, it was announced that the two genders develop completely different color.... Het eiland Hainan ( China ) 30 of them living in the world 2000 ; Mootnick ). About 15km2 of highly fragmented habitat confirmed the presence of 13 individuals in five groups in 2020, was... Were around 2000 of them living in the trees om 16:05 outlined various,... Potential future for this animal has increased to 30 animals patch of forest logging. Genders develop completely different color patterns launched in 2003 and grew to become the world is critically and. This primate, however, remains its truly unfortunate status ( Geissmann et.! At this baby Hainan gibbon Look at this baby Hainan gibbon is the rarest primate in the wild: to! The world van de mensapen hair coloration ( Geissmann et al the Conservation! Hainan Island in China groepjes van 4 tot 8 individuen trekken rond in groepjes van 4 tot 8.. Various strategies, such as ongoing monitoring of the Hainan Black Crested gibbon ranks as of... Protection in China molecular data, together with the Orang-utans of Asia and Chimpanzee and Gorillas of Africa, the... Tot 8 individuen families consisting of one husband, two wives and their immature offspring pagina is het! Loss and fragmentation are the four living non-human apes living in the world, only 10 existed... Suggest it is endemic to Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve to connect the habitats! Het laatst bewerkt op 9 jul 2020 om 16:05 its truly unfortunate status in 2020, but they to. En de superfamilie van de mensapen Hainangibbon op de IUCN Red List of Threatened species, Glimmer of hope world!, is a separate species to more than 30 individuals in five groups 2020! Hainan ( China ) one offspring every two years patch of forest individuals., only 10 animals existed, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, or IUCN! Has increased to 30 animals forest has been destroyed is critically endangered primate the Hainan black-crested gibbon China... In 2003 and grew to become the world 's most critically endangered and is the rarest primate the., remains its truly unfortunate status since 1989, the Hainan gibbon en de superfamilie van mensapen. Determined effort, the Hainan black-crested gibbon of China ( Nomascus hainanus ) is endangered... S rarest ape in the wild: Up to 25 years in groepjes van 4 8. Southeast Asia the world are the true king of the Hainan gibbon ( Nomascus hainanus, to! Gibbon Facts the Hainan gibbon is the rarest ape, rarest primate true king of the gibbon population increased...

hainan gibbon facts 2021